Reasons for surgery
As part of the natural aging process skin progressively loses its elasticity and muscles tend to slacken. Facelift surgery, sometimes a full or half-facelift, is chosen by those who wish to ‘turn back the clock’ and tighten loose skin.
The standard procedure works best for the lower half of the face, where deep creases appear around the corners of the mouth and nose, the jaw line can sag and the skin of the neck becomes slack or a ‘double chin’ appears.
Some combine this procedure with a eye lid surgery (blepharoplasty) and/or a brow-lift, which removes wrinkles on the forehead, giving a smoother appearance.
The surgery is usually performed under general anaesthesia. It is a long procedure lasting 4 to 8 hours. Incisions are made within the hairline and in natural lines around the ears to minimize visible scarring.
Depending on surgery technique, the surgeon can perform a skin-only facelift or two-layer facelift. The latter involves tightening and re-draping of underlying connective tissue. Facial tissues are tightened by placing stitches. The skin is pulled up and back, repositioned, and the skin excess is removed. The incisions are closed with stitches. After surgery, the head and face are bandaged. These are left on for one or two days.
At the beginning your face will look a little puffy and may feel rather strange and stiff. Bruising and numbness are likely, but this usually fades over the next three to four weeks.
Things to discuss with your surgeon
Along with all your other questions, you should make sure you discuss the following in your consultations with your surgeon.
- What should I avoid before and after surgery?
- Do I need to follow any special diets?
- When will the stitches be removed?
- Will wound dressings be needed? What kind and for how long?
- When will you be able to have shower or bath?
- Will you have to use medications? What kind and for how long?
- How should you take care of your skin?
- How will you have to adjust your lifestyle?
- How long will I need to stay in Lithuania before it is safe for me to travel?
- When can you start working?
- Will additional examinations be necessary postoperatively? When and where?